Australia Facts and Figures

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Australia lies in the southern hemisphere, so the seasons are the reverse of northern hemisphere countries;

Summer - December to February
Autumn - March to May
Winter - June to August
Spring - September to November.

Because Australia is so big, there are several distinct climates. You can find out a lot more about this on the Bureau of Meteorology website. But on this page we will stick to the basics, which is what most people will want to know about each area;  How warm is it?  How sunny is it?  How wet is it?

There are a few obvious points that jump out from the three charts below:

  • The hottest AND wettest city is Darwin - no surprise as it's basically a tropical climate.
  • Canberra has significantly lower minimums than anywhere else - that's because it's inland.
  • Perth has the most sunshine and significantly more clear sunny days than elsewhere.
  • Melbourne and Hobart have much fewer clear days than anywhere else, but interestingly not very high rainfall.
  • Sydney has the narrowest temperature range, so less extreme hot or cold. Sydney also has a lot of rain - the most rainy days of all cities and second in annual rainfall.
Mean maximum and minimum temperatures for Australian capital cities
Sunshine hours and clear days for Australian capital cities
Rainy days and annual rainfall for Australian capital cities