Australia Facts and Figures
As can be seen from the table and the illustration below, some 77% of the population is concentrated in three eastern states (New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland).
UrbanisationDespite having an average population density of only 3 people per km², Australia is actually one of the most urbanised countries in the world, with over 80% of the population living in cities of 50,000 or more.
Coastal LivingOver 80% of Australians also live within 50km of the coast. This is not surprising when you consider the quality of the beaches and what is generally a more pleasant climate near the coast.
Population GrowthAcross Australia, the population grew by about 1.4% last year2, as a result of natural increase and net overseas migration.
There was a wide range of growth rates between the various states, as shown in the table below. WA grew the fastest, as a result of strong overseas and interstate migration. The ACT, Queensland and Victoria also showed the same trend.
Interestingly, New South Wales experienced strong overseas migration, but there was a significant number of people already living in NSW who moved to other states (WA,QLD and VIC).