Australia Facts and Figures

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Population

Australia has a population approaching 23 million¹.

As can be seen from the table and the illustration below, some 77% of the population is concentrated in three eastern states (New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland).

Urbanisation

Despite having an average population density of only 3 people per km², Australia is actually one of the most urbanised countries in the world, with over 80% of the population living in cities of 50,000 or more.

Coastal Living

Over 80% of Australians also live within 50km of the coast. This is not surprising when you consider the quality of the beaches and what is generally a more pleasant climate near the coast.
 
Rank
State/
Territory

Population
% of
Australia
1
NSW
7,317,500
32.2%
2
VIC
5,640,900
24.9%
3
QLD
4,599,400
20.3%
4
WA
2,366,900
10.4%
5
SA
1,659,800
7.3%
6
TAS
511,000
2.3%
7
ACT
366,900
1.6%
8
NT
231,200
1.0%
Total
Australia
22,696,000
100 %

Population of Australia by state or territory

Population Growth

Across Australia, the population grew by about 1.4% last year2, as a result of natural increase and net overseas migration.

There was a wide range of growth rates between the various states, as shown in the table below. WA grew the fastest, as a result of strong overseas and interstate migration. The ACT, Queensland and Victoria also showed the same trend.

Interestingly, New South Wales experienced strong overseas migration, but there was a significant number of people already living in NSW who moved to other states (WA,QLD and VIC).

Rank
State
Natural
Increase
Overseas
Migration
Interstate
Migration
Population
Growth
%
Growth
1
WA
18,870
30,805
6,163
55,838
2.4%
2
ACT
3,441
1,981
1,355
6,777
1.9%
3
QLD
36,433
31,266
7,150
74,849
1.7%
4
VIC
34,647
45,744
3,759
84,150
1.5%
5
NSW
45,186
50,186
-13,218
82,154
1.1%
6
SA
6,795
8,667
-2,613
12,849
0.8%
7
TAS
2,290
995
-47
3,238
0.6%
8
NT
2,820
630
-2,549
901
0.4%
Aus
150,500
170,300
320,800
1.4%
1ABS - Australian Demographic Statistics, Sep 2011 (3101.0)
2DIAC - Population Flows, 2010-11